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Boundary layers


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This section deals with viscous effects in external flow past bodies immersed in a stream. When the Reynolds number is large, viscous forces are confined to a thin boundary layer and wake in the vicinity of the body. Flow outside these “shear layers” is essentially inviscid and can be predicted by potential theory and Bernoulli’s equation. In the case of a flat-plate boundary layer the use of momentum-integral estimates enables us to predict the wall shear, friction drag, and thickness of such layers. These approximations suggest how to eliminate certain small terms in the Navier-Stokes equations, resulting in Prandtl’s boundary-layer equations for laminar and turbulent flow.
The two animations refer to the Blasius solution of a laminar flow past a flat plate and the boundary layer equation simplification.

Stampa Stampa




Prof.
Michele Mossa
PhD
Professor of Hydraulics at the
Polytechnic University of Bari
TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF BARI
DICATECh
Department of Civil, Environmental, Land, Building Engineering and Chemistry
Via E. Orabona, 4 - 70125 Bari - ITALY

www.dicatech.poliba.it

LIC
Coastal Engineering Laboratory
Area Universitaria di Valenzano
Strada Provinciale
Valenzano - Casamassima, Km 3, 70010 Valenzano, BARI- ITALY
www.poliba.it/lic